Hacktivism is defined as the use of digital tools which to break censorship controls from seeing and knowing certain information (Vamosi, 2011). The hackers- a group of online anonymous attacking one’s website by exposing names, addresses and contact information of officers, releasing data of someone’s else or from national security including names, statistics, passwords and releasing one’s bank records from political departments or politicians (KP&FATA, 2014). In fact, hacktivism has been an increase against the multinational organizations on sites as leaking confidential information and documents.
Thanks to the effort of Edward Snowden’s, the role of hacktivism has been praised worldwide. However, hacktivism has been applied to against on governmental organizations and laws enforcement agencies whose attacks can actually affect millions of people. Nevertheless, online attacks are illegal but the kids do not seem to care while social media has been great tools for revolutions. For example, Arab Spring is a good example of hacktivism which a group of anonymous created the environment from Wikileaks and a decentralized organization by posting secret information of government online (Vamosi, 2011).
A group of hackers calling themselves “Anonymous Op Pakistan” brought down numerous governmental portals in the wake of protest in Islamabad. The hackers actually attacked more than two dozen of governmental websites overnight and yet they successfully leaked the zip documents of 23,000 bank records (Dawn.com, 2014).
This anti-government protesters said that it was done for political reasons which in reply of :
“We are cataloging the atrocities being committed in Pakistan. We will begin at once assisting the peaceful protesters in Pakistan with every tool and tactic at our disposal. And we will initiate the process of removing every vestige of the Pakistan government from the Internet and shutting down their communications network. And the Pakistani people will then remove this criminal regime from power and lock them in prison where they belong. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif you are hereby dismissed. You will leave power immediately. For the safety and security of your family we suggest that you depart Pakistan at once. This is your only warning.”
Not only the group sent out the message to the Prime Minister but also to the polices whose action is against the protesters as a warning message on YouTube and Twitter.
However, the effort of hacktivists cannot be ignored which can obviously be a threat for the government and this case must be taken serious for public good.