Is Twitter valuable?

Twitter is a free online service for friends, family, and co-workers to communicate and stay connected from one to another through the quick connection of  Internet for exchanging frequent answers and questions (James Bucki). However, Twitter has now 32 millions users and an increase is found from a year ago, according to the research from Wall Street Journal (Wall St., 2009). A number of large companies, in terms of businesses and celebrities are using it and they have more than a hundred of followers even it limits users to use only 140 characters or fewer for a tweet.

According to Steve Johnson, it is one certain thing that Twitter makes a terrible impression when one only allowed to send a limited characters to update status but it has been one of the largest platforms in the the world for sharing real-time conversation and data (McIntyre, 2009). The Twitter’s creator claimed that there were reasons for Twitter to limit the characters of tweets which is the threat of attention span on long posting blogging with links and articles. However, this limitation actually turns out to have unsuspected path that Clive Thompson calls it “ambient awareness”. It allows you to get a satisfying glimpse from the tweets from friends or family by updating a short and quick status where Twitter allows you to know without even asking it. In short, Twitter is the most fascinating thing that allows us to do what we do to it, not what it does to us (Johnson, 2009).

As it grows, Twitter has become one of the marketing tools for most companies to communicate with customers, build brands, do research and conduct e-commerce. Wal-Mart is one of the good examples transformed by Twitter in order to inform and have opportunity to tell customers about promotions and new products at remarkably low cost when it allows to provide greater geographic accuracy (Wall St., 2009).

Moreover, some celebrities, such as the most famously Ashton Kutcher have crossed a million followers on Twitter which effectively gives them a huge broadcast-size of audiences (Johnson, 2009). Twitter seems like a mix media experience which has about not just one particular thing but a handful of celebrities, colleagues or a collage of friends. Undeniably, Twitter is not just a communication platform to stay connected with friends and family, it is more like a live reporter which gives you in-the-moment conversation than an abundance of information (Johnson, 2009).  Google is a good example which indicates Twitter is a more effectively supplier which needs longer time to build audiences; if you’re looking for interesting sites about hacker leaks nude photos of Jennifer Lawrence, you search Google. If you are looking for comments from your social network about how the nude photo is criticized and talked about, you go to Twitter.

In addition, Twitter is more than a communication platform nowadays which threatens and causes a lot of problems in journalism. Furthermore, Twitter is more like a pressure or threat for politics. The origin of journalism changes when Twitter users are now defined as influencers who actually have the greater power of changing or influencing politics. One of the facts that e-journalism seems to be a problem in Canadian politics where citizen journalists were mistaken of using Twitter as a way to report news.

Discussion on Canadian politics by The Insiders about how Twitter influences public and changes the way how we live.


Two As : Apple and Android

A closed system is a operating system that can’t be changed and it’s entirely controlled such as Apple. On the other words, a closed system as Apple’s cannot be changed and owned personally in control of applications and devices. It contains a complete control over the flowing content within the platform and how the users interact with whereas an open system does the opposite (Mitew,2014). Google’s Android is an example of open systems where it offers much greater freedom, less control over what is done from the centre and you can download any software from anywhere you like (Worstall, 2012).

There’s a debate over Google’s Android and Apple’s IOS about how Android and Apple’s system work and how closed Apple and Android are from two senior writers Jon Fortt and Micheal Copeland.

IOS and Android are both the greatest mobile platforms. It is said by Steve Jobs that the open systems do not always win and claimed that the real difference between Google’s android and Apple’s IOS is fragmented versus integrated; the users are left to figure out but compare to Apple’s, where every app is the same no matter what version of phone you are using (Schonfeld, 2010). However, there are arguments about how Android and IOS are liked using and the reasons of using a closed system and an open system. It is believed that the Android provides an option or authority of customization.

According to Adam Dachis 2013, a reply from Dancheor Boi explains that why this matters to him, Android allows him to try new, change things the way he likes and most importantly he claimed that Android is able to allow him to make his phone look like nothing he has seen before whereas Apple can’t do this. But, another reply from jeffreyjames explains that it’s good that Android allows changing authority, it is still a mess to customize. It is still limited to only their apps and some bundle apps can’t possibly be deleted which are found annoying. In addition, Rory Brett feels that IOS runs faster and more fluid to more users ;it’s always a lag whenever using an Android phone and it gives an inconsistent experience. No matter which phone he used, it always will be the same problem for him although Android provides a great experience of customization. But, for IOS, it is the opposite. It is frustrating with lack of customization but it’s more reliable when you have the fastest and most consistent phone time and time again.

Moreover, an open model system such as Android allows a larger developer support as anyone can develop for platform and gives a feeling of ownership of alternation whereas IOS makes less confusion for customers where people learn only one version and it is also more profitable when developers have to pay for the use of API (Vidal,2013).
Although there are chances for apps developers, it’s the same until it’s different. It’s always said that open system like Android provides a chance to develop more and new applications but in fact they develop apps that are similar with Apple’s in functionality in order to make profit because more users equals to more profit(Kenneth, 2010).

Who’s Going to Rope You?

The walled gardens are closed, hierachical, centralized databases such as Google and Facebook which control over information flows and undesirable information (Mitew, 2014). However, the online networking can be centralized and decentralized. Speaking of social networking, web sites such as Myspace and Facebook are undeniably fancy and popular but they are all centralized. This makes users more likely to use a decentralized approach which allows users to have more control over their own private data in order to avoid dissemination of information (Yeung et. al, 2008).

A centralized network is defined as a third party between one and another. It is also known as a central node which acts like something that you will never meet but it is a must to meet at some ways to reach from one to another. There is no direct exchange from the PCs while all information that we send has to go through the server or the central node (Samarajiva,2014). In the opposite, decentralised networks have no third parties and no servers. People can exchange information directly and need not a third party such as Napster and SoulSeek (Samarjiva, 2014).

According to Fitzpatrick and Recordon 2007, people are getting irritated of registering and declaring their friends on every site(centralized networks). People believe that they are lack of control of their own privacy by using these social networking. And, they likely agreed that their information has been taken advantage of to use as advertising. For example, Beacon, a part of advertising system from Facebook disappoint many users that their information published on their friend’s news feed about their activities in other websites(Malik, 2007). In addition, there is an interview from InformationWeek and UBM Tech, Fritz Nelson and David Berlind (2012) talking about how the walled gardens want to have all control of our data.

Therefore, it is believed that decentralised networks allow people to have more control their ownership (Wilson, 2008). Decentralized network provides a better controlled-structure for socialization as users do not have to worry about privacy, ownership and dissemination such as FOAF (Friend-Of-A-Friend) (Brickley & Miller, 2007). A FOAF plays as a central role that provides a format for a specifying ‘friends’ relationship among people and it is also believed that its popularity is rising in the community (Golbeck and Rothstein, 2008).
This decentralized social networking can be used as an major point where your friends can access your status, photos or to write personal message on the board.On the other words, this is only restricted and allowed to the “friends” relationship – others than friends will not able to read and access to it- which gives users more control over the data.

All in all, the walled gardens might have to worry about their future while decentralised networks allow more of what users want and yet their data need not be taken advantage of as an advertising system.


Jennifer Golbeck, Matthew Rothstein. Linking Social Networks on the Web with FOAF: A Semantic Web Case Study. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI’08), Chicago, Illinois, July 13–17, 2008m, pp.1138-1143. 2008

Who’s going to rope you into their walled gardens 2012, Online Video, Ignite Technologies Inc, Santa Clara CA

A hair oil

Watching the videos online or Youtube is one of the commonest things that we almost do everyday. Checking out the funny videos, seeing the updates videos of your admirers and even creating one of your own video and upload it to share with friends online. One of my must do things list includes watching videos on Youtube.

There are no particular channels for me to watch until I saw one girl whose hair is amazingly smooth and long which makes me so want to get the hair oil right after that. I still remember this happened around like half a year ago that I was so desired to get a certain hair oil which is the moroccan hair oil. Then the other day I went to the shopping mall nearby and asked all the hair shops about this product, but sadly there wasn’t sold any of this similar product. So, I went to the popular shopping mall in Malaysia and kept on looking for it but the answer I got was always a No. Obviously, I was so down that I could not get this product and the more I couldn’t get it, the more I feel like buying it. I had been looking for this hair product for more than half year and still I could not find it until one day I went to a pharmacy to ask. I expected that it would be still a No answer for me and it really happened the way I’d expected but one girl came and told me that she knew this product and showed me where I could actually purchase it online.  I was so happy and got to order online for this product and because of that I only knew this product is not possible to find in Malaysia.

According to Chris Anderson, the theory of the long tail is the culture and economy is shifting away from a focus on a ‘hit’ market to a small, mainstream products and market (Andreson, 2004). One of the examples of his theory claimed that the demand for products is not available on the traditional shelves or stores and this is what long tail is for- a distribution system of having a large number of occurrence that involves popularities and probabilities. Due to the Internet, I succeed to own the hair oil I wanted. This is one strong evidence for us to know, with the Internet, we can get what we want.


Work can be anywhere.

Liquid labour? This was really confusing for me to understand if I didn’t Google it. Not to confuse myself, I would call liquid labour as the flows of information. In working’s perspective, information has to go through with a lot of rules and regulations to be approved by the upper leaders and it was now defined as the old traditional management of companies. Let’s see an example of the hierarchical management:


This is a example chart of seeing how it is meant as hierarchical. As it can be seen, in order to get approval of a task or project, it has to go through with a lot of people. This is used to set in a company for employees to follow in order to get certain tasks done or some information has to be approved before making a further step. Indeed, the recent study has found that employees found time is the main currency that has become the inconvenience and difficulty of arranging a person to person interview and the participants fell constrained in how much they have to put themselves to reveal about the behavior as matters of commercial sensitivity (Gregg,M).

Liquid labour is changing the way of how information is spread, from a hierarchical structure to a ‘free’ structure. In-depth research conducted that working at home or working in the office reveal presence bleed which results as technology devices allow employees to work out of the working offices. There was an interview form one of the service directors saying that she didn’t have to wait until she arrives in the offices to check what and who has sent the emails to her, she now can use her Blackberry check emails while buying her a breakfast. Same goes to the media- using the social media in journalism. Back to the old days where the journalists had to use a month or at least a week to transmit or report news from Washington to New York, it had to go through with a lot of departments where people or employees of the companies to approve and send and approve and send back again till the publication (Scanlan, 2003). But, today the journalists use social media to gather and report news. 40% of journalists said that it is faster to get people read and be informed on the social media than the print newspapers (Peterson, 2014).

Due to the digital revolutions, it is no longer necessarily a must for journalists to rush back to the offices and get the information written down then transmit news from one to another. So are we. We do not ever have to go buy a newspaper to see and be informed what the world is happening, social media does the job.

Good or Bad

Speaking of the Internet which is now known as Cyberspace, there are no reasons to deny how much its network contributed to our world. Cyberspace allows us to build anything in our lives in terms of relationship, sense of belonging, advertising and marketing strategies communications and self promotion. (Samatha, 2013)

With the creation of Internet, people experienced a quick and drastic change in the way of communication of lifestyles. An dramatic change is found of how people interact, talk learn and send messages. People back then used to take months to send a message from East to North, but now? What could possibly for now to take months of sending a message? It seems it will never going to happen. With a few clicks, we could send a message within just a few seconds. There’s even more than just a message, back then it was real hard and complicated to transmit a message using telegraph, but now the Internet replaces everything.

Thinking of how you used to shop, it could be a little bit more time consuming where you had to get transport, do some walking and even have to go to a bank to withdraw money to pay. Now, what we really do for shopping is just sit back and do some clicking on the Internet and you are done. And, it doesn’t either need to get to the shop to get your purchase while international shipping is what the marketers do the best.

What is more? Education system is no longer a paper teaching but the Internet. Carrying heavy notebooks to the class is now getting to be replaced by the powerful Google. Whatever it is to be needed in class, all we need is Google- it tells everything. For instance, lecturers always try to ask questions or words that we are no familiar with, but not bothering bringing dictionary, Google will do. There is just undeniable to admit that this is way too convenient to get work done.

According to Sven Birkerts 1995, Online networks, cellular telephone and Internet brings humans live as elements of connectedness. All these things make humans lost their individualities.He believes that humans are losing the sense of time where they spend time on the net. People now have become easily impatient when it comes to an argument. We are really grateful with what we have now, but maybe we should think again. Think about the coming generation, will humans become an element instead of who we really are? Will humans then still be called humans?

Second Life

Ever wonder how people were communicating when they don’t have Internet like how we do now? or they didn’t even have the chance to?

In the old days, how people wanted to send a message was way too troublesome and complicated. You typed and wrote the message you want to send, and go to the telegraph office to do the transmission process. What was more, it had to to be costly charged. The telegraph charged per character of the message and transcript to send to worldwide and Moscow, into a file which they kept as a back up and proof as receipt , and then send back to the office to make the final transmission. It was known as dramatic shift of the telegraph process in order to send out a message, which now we do not ever need it again awhile sending a message yet at a high speed level of connection.

On December 1969, ARPARENT, the infant network which allowed us a different experience with high speed technology; it is not a long distance computing, but a personal and new messages which can be used to collaborate on presentation, projects, trade notes for work. Thanks to ARPARENT, people was able to have their own personal accounts on the computers. Not only it was used for personal communication, but it also led to the enthusiasm of long distance computation.

As the 80’s advanced, it was easy to link computers to the growing networks by using the Internet Protocol. It was so difficult to stop from the Internet, linking up from one to somewhere other and indeed no ones would want to stop this complex of network that cost little, but valuable, which was known as the ‘Internet’. However, ARPARENT was officially replaced in 1989 by the Internet which provides standards of globalisation. Internet was a great and powerful network which attracts not only the scientists to do further research but also the people and the users. One of the reasons is freedom; there is no restriction and limitation on the Internet where you can connect, search, build, create global communication, online services and so forth. What is more important, no censors, no directors and no stakeholders.

Some might think that Internet and cyberspace are the same, well, I thought that. Both of them are on the Internet, but in fact, there are differences. Internet is the medium which your email and your post get published on the site. It is more like a direction which you search what you want on Google, ordering books on Amazon or sending a message at no cost perhaps whereas gives a new exciting experience. In fact, Cyberspace is more like a second life for the kids now or young generation. Cyberspace is something more like a pull-strategy based which pulled mankinds into experiencing the real life that you would never have or not able to, such as instant message and online games(MMOG). It is more like a second life which you can control as if in real life. The real life in MMOG is like a television screen which enables you to control the characters of the screen as real time. As we live in real life, such as taking a pen of your friends’ without asking them is considered as stealing and there goes your name, thief. Why not calling it ‘take’ instead? It is because we all live with the norms and other sort of laws. Cyberspace allows mankind to have power and authority to control the real life on the screen. In real life time, some things we can change, in cyberspace we can and control over it at where and when it happens.

From a message transmission on the Internet to cyberspace which we can control and it allows us to have richer experience makes me think of how powerful can a software or device be, but indeed humans are more powerful than we could expect.

Lessig, L. (2006). Four puzzles from cyber space. In L. Lessig Code version 2.0, accessed at

Sterling, B. (1993) ‘A Short History of the Internet’ , accessed at